pasquinade \pas-kwuh-NEYD, noun:
1. a satire or lampoon, especially one posted in a public place.
1. to assail in a pasquinade or pasquinades.
On the outer wall of the building, there was a vicious pasquinade of the deposed despot.
— D.V. Bernard, Intimate Relations with Strangers, 2007
In the course of his career, Dosoo had written fourteen books that included political commentaries on India, a slight obloquy on New York, an autobiography, and a pasquinade of Bombay society.
— Leila Hadley, Give Me the World, 2003
In Rome in 1501 a sculpture was disinterred and placed in Palazzo Orsini. The sculpture was nicknamed Pasquino, and once a year Romans posted humorous verses to the sculpture. Over time these satirical poems became named pasquinades because of the name of the statue. The statue is still in Rome with pasquinades on its base.
coalesce \koh-uh-LES, verb:
1. to blend or come together: Their ideas coalesced into one theory.
2. to grow together or into one body: The two lakes coalesced into one.
3. to unite so as to form one mass, community, etc.: The various groups coalesced into a crowd.
4. to cause to unite in one body or mass.
All the small discoveries might soon coalesce into a major breakthrough—even a revolutionary one—but perhaps not in her lifetime, and certainly not bearing her name.
— Deanna Fei, A Thread of Sky, 2010
He is like a child learning what is too hot to touch, and he hopes all this experience will coalesce into a philosophy of life, or at least a philosophy of relationships, that will transform itself into instinct.
— Steve Martin, Shopgirl, 2000
Coalesce comes from the Latin roots co- meaning “with” and al- which is the stem of alere meaning “to nourish, make grow.”
darg \dahrg, noun:
1. Scot. and North England. a day’s work.
2. Australian. a fixed or definite amount of work; a work quota.
…as I thought myself entitled to a young man, and did not relish the apparition of him coming in at the gloaming, when the day’s darg was done, and before candles were lighted.
— Carl MacDougall, The Devil and the Giro, 2010
Man does not live by money alone, where would we be without our daily darg?
— Alasdair Gray, McGrotty and Ludmilla, or, The Harbinger Report, 1990
Darg derives from the Old English word dægweorc, from the roots dæg meaning “day” and weorc meaning “work.”
consortium \kuhn-SAWR-shee-uhm, -tee-, noun:
1. any association, partnership, or union.
2. a combination of financial institutions, capitalists, etc., for carrying into effect some financial operation requiring large resources of capital.
3. Law. the legal right of husband and wife to companionship and conjugal intercourse with each other: In a wrongful death action the surviving spouse commonly seeks damages for loss of consortium.
A consortium of companies that make radio-based identification tags, scanners and related software said yesterday that they planned to pool their patents in a venture that would provide one-stop licensing and royalty management.
— Barnaby J. Feder, “Consortium to Pool Radio-Tag Patents,” New York Times, August 10, 2005
This new foundation would assist the consortium to make policy, and advise the U.N. on Mars-related matters.
— Kim Stanley Robinson, Red Mars and Green Mars, 1993
Consortium entered English in the 1820s. It comes from the Latin word for partnership, consort.
motza \MOT-ser, noun:
a large amount of money, especially a sum won in gambling.
More profit, higher share price. These people I’ve been talking about own swags of shares. Each share price rise, they make a motza.
— Richard Beasley, The Ambulance Chaser, 2004
Good business to be in. I bet they made a motza out of that.
— Lisa Walker, Sex, Lies, and Bonsai, 2013
Motza is Australian slang that possibly came from the Italian word mezzo meaning “half” or from the Yiddish word matzo meaning “unleavened bread.” Regardless of its origin, it entered English in early twentieth century.
allochthonous \uh-LOK-thuh-nuhs, adjective:
not formed in the region where found.
The input of plant matter of allochthonous origin contributes energy, nutrients, and substrates in a variety of important ways.
— Thomas F. Waters, “Dynamics in Stream Ecology,” Production of Juvenile Atlantic Salmon, Salmo Salar, in Natural Waters, 1993
However, coals which have formed from plant remains which have been transported considerable distances from their original growth site are known as allochthonous coals, e.g. large rafts of peat or trees drifting on lakes or estuaries.
— Larry Thomas, Coal Geology, 2002
Allochthonous entered English in the late 19th century. It was modeled as an antonym to autochthonous, meaning “indigenous.”
circadian \sur-KEY-dee-uhn, -KAD-ee-, sur-kuh-DEE-uhn, adjective:
noting or pertaining to rhythmic biological cycles recurring at approximately 24-hour intervals.
My circadian clock, which puts me to sleep at night and wakes me up in the morning in a regular twenty-four-hour fashion, has a larger arc that seems set at twenty-four weeks.
— Jeanette Winterson, Written on the Body, 1993
Even a guard on night duty succumbs to the body’s natural circadian rhythms and would be far from alert.
— Clive Cussler, The Jungle, 2010
Circadian was first used to apply to the “circadian rhythms” of the body, primarily our daily internal cycles of hunger, rest and wakefulness. It comes from the Latin roots circā meaning “about” and di meaning day.
quacksalver \KWAK-sal-ver, noun:
1. a charlatan.
2. a quack doctor.
And there was that quacksalver Mellowes again, with his pernicious theory that consumption was caused by an excess of oxygen.
— Patrick O’Brian, Desolation Island, 1978
Anon, we grow persuaded that he traded both eyes for hooks and beneath the roof of his friend, Prince of Hesse Cassel, this Quacksalver expired to the winding from a strange horn one overcast night at Sleswig — and doubt not that at the bar he lifted up both hands to please innocent!
— Evan S. Connell, The Alchymist’s Journal, 1991
Even more outlandish than she is, he thought. “We shall not have her degraded as some quacksalver’s drab.
— Ariana Franklin, Mistress of the Art of Death, 2007
Quacksalver comes from an early Dutch word of the same spelling referring to someone who prescribes home remedies. It is the root of the more common word quack.
melliferous \muh-LIF-er-uhs, adjective:
yielding or producing honey.
He writes of the melliferous odor of linden blossoms; of the fields rushing to meet him; of trees, castles and people; of the greensward that serves him as a dining table; and of the little old ladies who joyfully smile at him.
— Mikhail A. Osorgin, translated by Donald M. Fiene, Selected Stories, Reminiscences, and Essays, 1982
Already he had the melliferous taste of victory on his tongue.
— Wilbur Smith, The Eye of the Tiger, 2001
Melliferous derives from the Latin word mellifer meaning “honey-bearing.”
feminacy \FEM-uh-nuh-see, noun:
Educated even to learning, courageous even to a want of feminacy, she delighted to sport with ignorance and pretension, even in the highest places…
— Baron Edward Bulwer Lytton Lytton, Ernest Maltravers, 1837
As they coached her in movements of preposterous feminacy, coaxing her to sit neatly and ease her muscles out of sight.
— Paul West, The Tent of Orange Mist, 1997
Feminacy entered English in the 18th century from the Latin roots fēmin meaning “woman” and -acy, a suffix denoting nouns of quality, such as papacy and legacy.